The Sanctuary of Santa Maria della Palomba, located on a spur that flanks the Gravina di Matera, is a place of worship of great historical and artistic importance.
Built in 1580, the Sanctuary stands on a pre-existing rock nucleus, the crypt of Santa Maria della Palomba, and takes its name from the dove carved on the portal, representing the Holy Spirit.
The Romanesque style façade, with its rose window in the center and the niche that houses the statue of St. Michael the Archangel, is embellished with unique details such as the depiction of the Holy Family on the portal's architrave, made by Giulio Persio.
The sail bell tower on the lateral position completes the architectural composition of the Sanctuary.
Inside, the single nave with barrel vault is enriched with chapels adorned with frescoes and statues.
One of the highlights of the church is the Madonna Odigitria fresco dating back to the 13th-14th century located behind the altar.
In addition, from the presbytery, it is possible to access the rock church entirely carved into tuff, which is a unique example of rock art.
In summary, the Sanctuary of Santa Maria della Palomba is a place that combines a unique historical and cultural heritage with valuable architecture and art.