The cathedral of Matera, also known as the Cathedral of the Madonna della Bruna and Sant'Eustachio, is an Apulian Romanesque-style structure located on the Civita, in the heart of the city of Matera in Basilicata.
It was built in the 13th century on a base raised by more than six meters to overlook all the houses in the surrounding area.
Throughout its history, it was named after several female saints before taking on its current name.
After 13 years of consolidation and renovation, the cathedral was returned to the city on 5 March 2016.
Inside the cathedral, it is possible to admire numerous works such as stuccos, frescoes and sculptures.
Many of these elements were made in later historical periods and the main altar was also restored in the past.
The internal plan of the cathedral is a Latin cross with three naves, with the central one higher than the external ones, separated by ten columns with stone capitals that form the classic arches.
It is probable that numerous frescoes are hidden under the plaster of the cathedral, such as that of the Final Judgment which resurfaced during some restoration works.
The exterior of the cathedral of Matera is characterized by the use of tuff, a typical material of the Sassi, which gives it a rustic and massive appearance.
The cathedral is situated in a dominant position over the Civita, which allows it to be admired from afar.
The most decorated facades are the front one and the one on the right. On the front facade there is the main door and the central rose window with sixteen rays, while on the right side, which overlooks Piazza Duomo, there are two smaller doors: Porta Piazza and Porta dei Leoni.
Furthermore, the Cathedral jealously preserves an ancient stone nativity scene made by Altobello Persio.